Chapter 8 Emerging Markets, Base of the Pyramid, and Poverty Alleviation
8.1 The Pyramid of Markets
8.1.1 GDP per capita (current US$)
8.1.2 GDP per capita growth (annual %)
8.1.3 GDP (current US$)
8.1.4 GDP growth (annual %)
8.1.5 Population, total
8.1.6 Population growth (annual %)
8.2 Mature Markets
8.2.1 GDP per capita (current US$)
8.2.2 GDP per capita growth (annual %)
8.3 Emerging Markets
8.3.1 GDP per capita (current US$)
8.3.2 GDP per capita growth (annual %)
8.3.3 China: Still “Emergent”?
Strong growth of the middle class
They want computers, specialized consumer goods, and quality products.
Between 2009 and 2013, the market for luxury products grew at a rate between 16 and 20% per year.(Source)
126.96.36.199 Different Generations, Different Habits
The second generation (consumers between 16 and 25 year-old) tend to adopt consuming habits closer to North- Americans and Europeans.
188.8.131.52 Differences Across China
Growth of the middle class is moving across China.
8.3.4 Challenges in Emerging Markets
184.108.40.206 Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 births) in 2019
220.127.116.11 Current health expenditure (% of GDP) in 2018
18.104.22.168 Youth (15-24 year-old) Unemployment Rate (%) 2020
8.4 Base of the Pyramid Markets
8.4.1 The Millennium Development Goals
8.4.2 Where are we ?
8.4.3 The Space of NGOs, World Bank, and United Nations
8.4.4 Challenges and Opportunities in Emerging Markets
8.4.5 Different Types of Channels for FDIs and Growth
22.214.171.124 Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$) by Geographic Regions
126.96.36.199 Foreign direct investment, net outflows (BoP, current US$) by Geographic Regions
188.8.131.52 The Government Channel: Creative Solutions
184.108.40.206 The Enterprise Channel: A Cautionary Tale
220.127.116.11 The Distribution Channel: A Success Story?